Egg Doner

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Egg Donor

Egg donation is the process by which a woman donates eggs to enable another woman to conceive as part of an assisted reproduction treatment or for biomedical research. For assisted reproduction purposes, egg donation typically involves in vitro fertilization technology, with the eggs being fertilized in the laboratory: more rarely, unfertilized eggs may be frozen and stored for later use. Egg donation is a third party reproduction as part of assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Indication: Who needs donor eggs?

Women who have undergone a premature menopause

  • Women who for genetic reasons cannot use their own eggs
  • Women who have been repeatedly unsuccessful on the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) program
  • Women born without ovaries
  • Women who have undergone treatment for cancer

Who can be an egg donor?

Women of all ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds can become egg donors. This includes women of all different heights, shapes and sizes, as long as you meet the prerequisites below:

  • Aged: 18- 35 years. No egg donor will be accepted for clinical recruited donation over the age of 35.
  • Good health with no history of hereditary disease. Donors will not be accepted if they suffer from an illness, disease or genetic condition that poses an unacceptable risk of being passed on to any child conceived from the donation.
  • Women who are adopted cannot donate unless genetic family history is known.
  • Marital status: If married, the husband must consent to the donation. Where a married couple is separated but not divorced, it is strongly recommended that the husband consents to the procedure
  • Donors must have a permanent address and be contactable for follow-up screening. They must be able to provide three identifiers and proof of permanent address, e.g. driver’s license, photo id, passport.

Types of Donors:

Donors include the following types:

  • Donors unrelated to the recipients who do it for monetary reasons.
  • Known donors, e.g. a friend or relative brought by the patients to serve as a donor specially to help them.
  • Patients taking part in shared oocyte programme. Women who go through in vitro fertilization may be willing to donate unused eggs to such a program, where the egg recipients together help paying the cost of the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) procedure. The pregnancy rate with use of shared oocytes is similar to that with altruistic donors. 

Becoming an egg donor – What is involved? Medical Consultation:

The couple will should attend a consultation with the specialist where the medical procedures involved will be explained to them and all relevant medical details will be checked. A vaginal ultrasound examination is sometimes performed to check the normality of the ovaries and uterus.

Pathological Collection:

These tests are required as part of the routine screening process necessary prior to treatment. The couple will need to get the blood tests completed and the results will be forwarded to the specialist.

Some of the screening blood tests required are:

  • Donor: HIV, Hepatitis B&C, Syphilis, Human
  • T-Lympho-tropic Virus (HTLV)1+2, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Cystic Fibrosis, Karyotype, Blood Group.
  • Donor Partner: HIV, Hepatitis B&C, Syphilis, Human T-Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV) 1+2, Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Counseling:

It is important for women who are considering donating eggs and their partners to attend a counseling session. Counseling provides the opportunity to discuss treatment on a more personal level. It allows couples to raise issues that are more private, such as individual concerns, relationship difficulties, or current life situations that may affect the couple’s experience of treatment.
Consideration relating to issues of a child’s future right, who has been conceived from donor gametes, to know their genetic background will be discussed.

Treatment:

A healthy lifestyle is recommended prior and during donation of eggs. This includes a sensible approach to diet, exercise and alcohol. Eat a healthy, balanced diet with adequate protein, carbohydrates and fiber. You will be advised to stop smoking and restrict your alcohol prior to treatment. The nurse coordinator will inform you about the dates of commencement.