Egg donation is the process by which a woman donates eggs to enable another woman to conceive as part of an assisted reproduction treatment or for biomedical research. For assisted reproduction purposes, egg donation typically involves in vitro fertilization technology, with the eggs being fertilized in the laboratory: more rarely, unfertilized eggs may be frozen and stored for later use. Egg donation is a third party reproduction as part of assisted reproductive technology (ART).
Indication: Who needs donor eggs?
Women who have undergone a premature menopause
Who can be an egg donor?
Women of all ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds can become egg donors. This includes women of all different heights, shapes and sizes, as long as you meet the prerequisites below:
Types of Donors:
Donors include the following types:
Becoming an egg donor – What is involved? Medical Consultation:
The couple will should attend a consultation with the specialist where the medical procedures involved will be explained to them and all relevant medical details will be checked. A vaginal ultrasound examination is sometimes performed to check the normality of the ovaries and uterus.
These tests are required as part of the routine screening process necessary prior to treatment. The couple will need to get the blood tests completed and the results will be forwarded to the specialist.
Some of the screening blood tests required are:
It is important for women who are considering donating eggs and their partners to attend a counseling session. Counseling provides the opportunity to discuss treatment on a more personal level. It allows couples to raise issues that are more private, such as individual concerns, relationship difficulties, or current life situations that may affect the couple’s experience of treatment.
Consideration relating to issues of a child’s future right, who has been conceived from donor gametes, to know their genetic background will be discussed.
A healthy lifestyle is recommended prior and during donation of eggs. This includes a sensible approach to diet, exercise and alcohol. Eat a healthy, balanced diet with adequate protein, carbohydrates and fiber. You will be advised to stop smoking and restrict your alcohol prior to treatment. The nurse coordinator will inform you about the dates of commencement.